GRE Exam Syllabus & Pattern 2023

GRE Exam Syllabus & Pattern 2023: Do you plan to go abroad for your Masters in 2023? So you must be wondering how to start preparing for your GRE entrance exam. This article will provide you with all the key information you need to know before making the decision to attempt the exam.

The Educational Testing Service (ETS®) has prescribed two sets of GRE 2023 syllabus as the test is taken in two formats; GRE General Test and GRE Subject Test. The objective of GRE 2023 is completely different for the GRE General and GRE Subject tests. While the GRE General test program measures a candidate’s verbal reasoning ability, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills.


Applicants who wish to pursue higher education abroad must qualify for their Graduate Examinations (GRE) and obtain good scores. To do this, candidates should be familiar with the latest GRE syllabus, to begin with. Candidates can refer to the latest GRE Syllabus 2023 and GRE test pattern while reading. Exam takers looking for GRE prep tips can opt for our GRE prep guide or follow our 4-week GRE study plan to excel on their next GRE exam. Read on to learn more about the GRE 2023 test program.

GRE Syllabus

GRE test formats

The GRE exam has two test formats: the GRE General Test and the GRE Subject Test. The GRE program is different for everyone.

  • GRE General Test: The General Test is the standard exam that assesses students’ verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, and analytical writing skills.
  • GRE subject test: For more specific courses, the university may require a GRE subject test, as the GRE subject test focuses on assessing the candidate’s expertise in specific areas.

2023 GRE Exam Study Plan

GRE Test Syllabus: Here is the GRE Syllabus 2023 which covers GRE Writing Syllabus, GRE Verbal Syllabus.


Total questions

Types of Questions

Score Range


GRE Verbal Reasoning

20+20= 40

Reading Comprehension

Text Completion

Sentence Equivalence

130-170 (in 1 point increment)

60 minutes (30 minutes per section)

GRE Quantitative Reasoning

20+20= 40

Quantitative Comparison Questions

Numeric Entry Questions

130-170 (in 1 point increment)

70 (35 minutes per section)

GRE Analytical Reasoning Questions

1+1= 2

Analyzing an Issue

Analyzing an Argument

0-6 (in 0.5 point increment)

30 minutes for each task


80 MCQs

2 Descriptive


3 hours 10 minu

GRE 2023 Exam Fee Structure

According to the official GRE website, the GRE registration fee is around $205. The GRE fee in India is around Rs. 15,256 (approximately), and is subject to change depending on the rates of changes in effect at the time of registration.

Take a look at the table below for an overview of the fees for the different GRE services:

GRE Product or Service Fees
GRE Exam Fees US$ 205
GRE Rescheduling Fee US$ 50
Request to change test centre US$ 50
GRE Cancellation Fee (at least 4 days before the test date & 10 days for individuals in Mainland China) 50% of the Registration Fee is refunded
Additional GRE Score Report US$ 27 each
GRE Score Reinstatement Fee US$ 50

GRE Exam Books To Be Prepared

Preparing for the GRE (Graduate Record Examination) requires the right study materials and books to help you succeed. Here are some recommended books and study materials to consider for GRE preparation

1. Official GRE Guidebooks:

  • ETS Official GRE Super Power Pack: This comprehensive set includes the Official GRE Guide, Official GRE Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions, and Official GRE Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions. These books provide authentic GRE questions and practice tests created by the test makers themselves.

2. GRE Prep Books:

  • “The Princeton Review GRE Premium Prep”: This book offers a comprehensive overview of GRE content, practice questions, and strategies for all sections of the test.
  • “Kaplan GRE Complete 2023”: Kaplan’s GRE prep book includes comprehensive content review, practice questions, and test-taking strategies.

3. Quantitative Reasoning:

  • “ETS Official GRE Quantitative Reasoning Practice Questions”: This book contains additional quantitative practice questions that closely resemble those on the actual GRE.
  • “Manhattan Prep GRE 5 lb. Book of GRE Practice Problems”: It provides a wide range of quantitative practice problems for skill-building.

4. Verbal Reasoning:

  • “ETS Official GRE Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions”: Similar to the quantitative book, this one offers additional verbal practice questions.
  • “Barron’s GRE Vocabulary Flash Cards”: Building your vocabulary is crucial for the verbal reasoning section, and these flashcards can help.

5. Writing (Analytical Writing Assessment):

  • “GRE Analytical Writing: Solutions to the Real Essay Topics – Book 1”: This book provides sample essays and explanations for the GRE analytical writing section.

6. Online Resources:

  • Official GRE Website: Visit the official GRE website ( for free resources, including test-taking tips, sample questions, and free GRE PowerPrep software with two full-length practice tests.
  • Magoosh GRE Prep: Magoosh offers a comprehensive online GRE preparation platform with video lessons, practice questions, and a customizable study plan.

7. GRE Subject Test (if applicable):

  • If you are taking a GRE subject test (e.g., GRE Biology, GRE Psychology), consult official test-specific study materials and textbooks relevant to your field of study.

Remember that GRE preparation is not just about studying content but also developing effective test-taking strategies and time management skills. Consider taking full-length practice tests under timed conditions to simulate the real GRE experience and track your progress.

Before purchasing any study materials, check for the most recent editions, as GRE content and question formats can change over time. Also, consider your strengths and weaknesses and tailor your study plan accordingly.

GRE Exam Syllabus FAQ

Here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) related to the GRE (Graduate Record Examination) syllabus:

1. What is the GRE exam, and why is it conducted?

  • The GRE is a standardized test conducted by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). It is used for admissions to graduate and business programs worldwide. The GRE assesses a student’s readiness for graduate-level coursework and is a common requirement for graduate school applications.

2. What are the sections in the GRE exam?

  • The GRE General Test consists of three main sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Analytical Writing. There may also be an unscored research section or an additional unscored variable section.

3. What is the syllabus for the Verbal Reasoning section of the GRE?

  • The Verbal Reasoning section assesses your ability to understand and analyze written material. It includes reading comprehension questions, text completion questions, and sentence equivalence questions. The topics vary and may include literature, social sciences, natural sciences, and the humanities.

4. What is the syllabus for the Quantitative Reasoning section of the GRE?

  • The Quantitative Reasoning section measures your ability to understand, interpret, and analyze quantitative information. It includes topics in arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis.

5. What is the syllabus for the Analytical Writing section of the GRE?

  • The Analytical Writing section requires you to write two essays: an “Issue Task” essay and an “Argument Task” essay. The topics for these essays can vary widely but typically require you to analyze arguments and express your own perspective on an issue.

6. Is there a specific syllabus for the GRE subject tests?

  • Yes, the GRE Subject Tests assess your knowledge in specific fields of study. Each subject test has its own syllabus, typically based on undergraduate-level content in that field. Subjects include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Literature in English, Psychology, and more.

7. Is there a specific syllabus for the GRE Quantitative Comparison questions?

  • No, there is no specific syllabus for the GRE Quantitative Comparison questions. These questions are designed to assess your ability to compare two quantities and determine their relationship. They can cover a wide range of mathematical concepts.

8. Is the GRE syllabus the same worldwide?

  • Yes, the content and format of the GRE General Test are standardized worldwide. However, the GRE Subject Tests may have variations based on the specific subject being tested.

9. Where can I find official GRE test content and practice materials?

  • You can find official GRE test content, practice questions, and preparation materials on the official GRE website ( ETS also provides the “GRE PowerPrep” software with free practice tests.

Please note that the syllabus for the GRE is subject to change, and it’s essential to visit the official GRE website or consult the latest GRE materials provided by ETS for the most up-to-date information on the test content and format.

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